Forum

Market


On this day

18 November 1863

Decisive controversy arose due to the passing of the November Constitution in Denmark, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol. The constitution gave Otto von Bismarck and the Prussians an... Read more ...

18 November 1863

The November Constitution was passed
Decisive controversy arose due to the passing of the November Constitution in Denmark, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol. The constitution gave Otto von Bismarck and the Prussians an excuse to start the Second Schleswig War in 1864. Reasons for the war were the ethnic controversy in Schleswig and the co-existence of conflicting political systems within the Danish unitary state.


Chat

Offline

No chatting right now.

    (You must be logged in to the Norwegian forum to chat.)


    Featured article

      The Modern Pritchett Bullet

    • The Modern Pritchett Bullet

      Today none of the major bullet mould makers make copies of the original Pritchett bullets. The Prtichett bullet was a hollow based projectile that was used in British rifle muskets. They did not have grease grooves and thus had to be paper patched. I once had a batch of Pritchett moulds made at Lee Precision.

    Making Bismuth Shot

    Category: Shotgun
    Published: 5 December 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 19644
    Les artikkel på norsk

    Vismut Vismut

    The bismuth and the Shotmaker.

    Once upon a time there was a small co-operative society here at svartkrutt.net that imported ten kilos of bismuth from Germany. The plan was of course to make shot. Bismuth is a metal that is quite similar to lead, and bismuth shot can be loaded exactly as lead shot. As lead shot is banned here in Norway, bismuth is one of the few alternatives we can use in older shotguns.

    The ten kilos were sent to me because I’m the owner of a Shotmaker. When making bismuth shot I used the same setups as I normally use when making lead shot. The bismuth we bought was 99.98 % pure, so the quality should be good enough.

    Bismuth

    Bismuth has a lower melting point compared to lead. While lead melts at 621.50 °F (327.5 °C) bismuth only needs 520.34 °F (271.3 °C) to melt. The test with the ten kilos of bismuth shows that it is possible to make good quality bismuth shot in the Shotmaker. The shot appeared to be just as good as the lead shot the Shotmaker spits out, perhaps even better.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more about muzzle-loading and black powder cartridge shotguns and shotmaking in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    Of problems, the following can be noted:

    Vismut Vismut Vismut

    The dripping was a bit slow, but the shot was ok.

    It was difficult to make the bismuth flow through the drippers as easy as lead. I worked outside in a temperature of about 68.00 °F (20 °C), between 10 in the morning and 8 in the evening, in a gentle breeze. Wind has a tendency to reduce the heat effect in the Shotmaker, and this may have been a contributing factor. After a while I found out that giving the ladle a whack with a wooden mallet lead to an even flow of lead out of a couple of the drippers, but not all (see the movie).

    It is possible that making the shot in a less windy condition would have solved this problem. When the temperature began dropping during the night I set up a provisional windbreak and put a homemade lid on the ladle. This seemed to help a bit. It is possible that it simply was too cold for the Shotmaker to function optimal as wind cools down the heating elements in the Shotmaker.

    Vismut

    Click to see movie!

    Makers of bismuth shot have now begun adding a bit of tin in the alloy to prevent the shot from being too brittle. This is also something that has to be tested. As it wasn’t me that ordered the bismuth I cannot give the exact price or the location where we bought it, but it was relatively expensive.

    For more information about making shot, see the article about the Shotmaker.