The Pinjarra Massacre was an attack that occurred at Pinjarra, Western Australia on a group of up to 80 Noongar people by a detachment of 25 soldiers, police and settlers led by Governor James Stirling in 1834. After attacks on the displaced Swan... Read more ...
The Pinjarra Massacre
The Pinjarra Massacre was an attack that occurred at Pinjarra, Western Australia on a group of up to 80 Noongar people by a detachment of 25 soldiers, police and settlers led by Governor James Stirling in 1834. After attacks on the displaced Swan River Whadjuk people and depredations on settlers by a group of the Binjareb people led by Calyute had, according to European settlers, reached unacceptable levels, culminating in the payback killing of an ex-soldier, Stirling led his force after the party.
Arriving at their camp, five members of the pursuit party were sent into the camp to arrest the suspects and the Aborigines resisted. In the ensuing melee, Stirling reported 15 killed (eleven names were collected later from Aboriginal sources); police superintendent T.T. Ellis later died of wounds and a soldier was wounded. Stirling warned the tribe against payback killings and arranged a peace between the warring tribes, but Calyute continued to break it by raiding the Whadjuk until his demise.
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Part three in the series about the Jarmann rifle focuses on the Swedish three-band naval Jarmann. This rifle is one of 1000 that were manufactured for the Swedish navy in 1883 and is quite similar to the one issued to the Norwegian army.
Published: 24 November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 25 November 2007.
Modell 1867 Remington rolling block made at Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk (Kongsberg Armoury).
The 12 Remington was adopted by the Norwegian Army in 1867, and it was the the first metallic cartridge weapon in our military history. The calibre was 12,17 mm or .479" and the length of the case was first 42 mm, but was later lengthened to 44 mm. The official military name of the cartridge is 12 mm Remington. When the Remingtons were sold to civilians they where most often converted to fire centrefire cartridges. The advantage with centrefire cartridges was that the shooter could reload the case numerous times.
Find out more!
You can read more about the Norwegian, Swedish and Danish Remington rolling block rifles and carbines in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
- Kongsberg: A crowned K.
- Husqvarna: H
- Carl Gustav: A crowned C.
- Stockholm gevärverkstad: A crowned S.
The first adopted Kongsberg model had these features:
- Length: 53.15"
- Weight: 8,8 lb.
- Barrel length: 37,4"
- The weapon was stocked in birch and delivered with a sabre bayonet.
Loading the cartridges
The first thing to do is to find all the things you need to reload a 12 mm Remington cartridge.
- Brass cases
- Bullet lube
- Black powder
- Caps (magnum caps seems to work best)
- Some sort of wad, milk carton shillings works great.
- A plate of bees wax.
Step 1: Make sure the gun is in a safe shooting condition.
Step 2: Prime the case. Use a wooden hammer or something like that and tap it gently into the case.
Step 3: Pour a pre measured or weighed charge into the case. The original charge was about 60 grains of 2F black powder. You can start a bit lower on the first shots.
Step 4: Put one or more of the milk carton shillings over the powder. It's important not to have any air between the powder and the bullet. If there is an air gap the gun can blow up! If you're using a small charge you'll have to build up the remaining space with the carton shillings. They also help scarping out fouling in the bore.
Step 6: Put a pre-lubed on top of the charge. Mind the air gap! The original lube was a sheep tallow/bees wax mix, but there are plenty of other bullet lube variations. It doesn't matter if the bullet is loose in the case, you just have to be careful when you're carrying it. The accuracy won't suffer from it. The cartridge is now ready to be fired.
- Remove the caps.
- Wash the cases in soapy water
- Clean the gun and oil it.