Tyske tropper gikk inn i Frankrike under den fransk-prøyssiske krig. Krigen ble utkjempet mellom Frankrike og Det nordtyske forbund under Preussens ledelse, sammen med de sør-tyske statene Baden, Bayern, og Württemberg, samt Storhertugdømmet... Read more ...
Tyske tropper invaderte Frankrike
Tyske tropper gikk inn i Frankrike under den fransk-prøyssiske krig. Krigen ble utkjempet mellom Frankrike og Det nordtyske forbund under Preussens ledelse, sammen med de sør-tyske statene Baden, Bayern, og Württemberg, samt Storhertugdømmet Hessen mellom 19. juli 1870 og 10. mai 1871.
Etter en serie franske nederlag i åpningsfasen av krigen ble nesten halvparten av den franske styrken omringet ved Metz, og den nyetablerte franske unnsetningsstyrken ble knust i et slag ved Sedan, hvor den franske keiser Napoleon III overga seg til tyskerne. Dette førte til opprettelsen av den tredje franske republikk.
Krigen endte med en overveldende tysk seier etter at tyske styrker hadde erobret Paris, og Tyskland ble i løpet av krigen samlet under Preussens ledelse.
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During the 1870s and 80s a widespread slaughter of the American bison decimated the herds to near extinction. The professional hunters used powerful single shot breech-loading rifles, most often in calibre .50, .45 or .44. The most legendary rifle used on the buffalo ranges was, perhaps next to the Springfield Model 1873 \'Trapdoor\' and the Remington rolling block, the legendary Sharps Model 1874.
Published: 18 September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Model 1860 Army kammerlader, converted to metallic cartridge after Lund's system some time after 1867.
The 18 bore kammerlader rifles were continuously improved from the time the first model was adopted in 1842. In 1860 a new model was adopted. This model had several radical changes: The most important being the reduction of the calibre from 18 bore to 4''' (linjer, an old Norwegian measuring unit). Since roundballs were no longer used it served no purpose to designate the calibre in bullets per pound. 4''' equals 11.77 mm, and compared to the 18 bore rifles the calibre was reduced with 5 mm. The internals of the barrel were also changed. While the 18 bore kammerlader rifles had Krupp rifling the Model 1860 had hexagonal Whithworth rilfing. Another new feature was rifled chambers. The 4''' kammerlader is a lighter and slender firearm compared to the old models.
Both civilian and military 4''' kammerlader rifles. Civilian kammerlader rifles for the shooting societies were made from parts that were intended for the military rifles. The shooting society kammerlader rifles are distinguished by the steel buttplate and barrel bands. The Army versions had brass bands and buttplate.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the kammerlader rifles in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The following 4''' models are known:
- M/1860 4''' Army three bander (long)
- M/1860 4''' Army two bander (short)
- M/1860 4''' three bander (long) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' two bander (short) for shooting societies
- M/1860 4''' Navy two bander
- M/1862 4''' artillery carbine
- M/1865 4''' cavalry carbine
The short Model 1860 kammerlader rifles were equipped with yataghan style sabre bayonets similar to that of the Remington rifle. It was also basically similar to the 18 bore short rifle bayonet. The long rifles was fitted with a socket bayonet.