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7 April 1864

Slaget ved Dybbøl var det avgjørende slaget mellom danske og prøyssiske styrker under andre slesvigske krig. Den danske stillingen ved Dybbøl var en flankestilling. Herfra kunne den danske hæren angripe fiendens forsyningslinjer opp i Jylland... Read more ...

7 April 1864

Kampene ved Dybbøl skanse begynte
Slaget ved Dybbøl var det avgjørende slaget mellom danske og prøyssiske styrker under andre slesvigske krig. Den danske stillingen ved Dybbøl var en flankestilling. Herfra kunne den danske hæren angripe fiendens forsyningslinjer opp i Jylland og dermed binde store fiendtlige styrker foran stillingen. Als og Sønderborg kunne med flåtestøtte brukes som oppmarsj- og forsyningsområde.

I årene 1862 og 1863 anla danske ingeniørtropper ti skanser ved Dybbøl i en halvsirkel fra Vemmingbund til Alssund. Skansene ble av økonomiske årsaker oppført med treblokkhus som beskyttelsesrom for mannskapet i stedet for betong, noe som skulle koste mange danske soldater livet. Bare ammunisjonskamrene ble støpt i betong.

2. april ble Sønderborg skutt i brann. Prøysserne stilte opp batterier, hvorav de farligste sto i stillingens flanke på Broager. Fra den 7. april begynte den avgjørende artillerikampen. Denne toppet seg den 18. april, da prøysserne på fire timer skjøt 7 900 granater mot stillingen, og forvandlet skansene til rykende hauger av sand og grus, der bare noen få kanoner fungerte.

Klokka 10 den 18. april stormet prøysserne med 10 000 mann skansene, som ble forsvart av 2 200 mann, samt en reservestyrke på 7 000. Danske tap var på 391 falne og 664 savnede, 1 250 ble såret og ca. 2 500 tatt til fange.

Regjeringen hadde av politiske årsaker besluttet at stillingen skulle holdes lengst mulig. Overkommandoen hadde av militære grunner bedt regjeringen om tillatelse til å rømme, men det ble ikke etterkommet.


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    Featured article

      Crow Hunting with Black Powder Shotguns

    • Crow Hunting with Black Powder Shotguns

      Crows are probably not the most sought-after game, but they are an interesting species to hunt. With a muzzleloading or breech-loading shotgun loaded with black powder and shot a hunter is well-equipped for crow hunting. This article shows you how to hunt crows with your black powder shotguns with a modern approach.

    Hunting with Black Powder Weapons

    Category: Hunting
    Published: 24 November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25 November 2007.
    Views: 7979
    Les artikkel på norsk

    Crows and Brown Bess

    Crows shot with a Brown Bess.

    In Norway the game law says that the projectile has to be driven forward by powder, which powder is not specified. Black powder is thus not illegal to hunt with. The energy requirements applies to black powder hunters too of course, and that makes it difficult to hunt the largest animals. The energy requirements for roe is absolutely obtainable, but you have to shoot the big game test before you can hunt it. For those who don't know, the big game test is a test that every hunter that is planning to hunt deer, roe, moose and reindeer must pass. It is shot at 100 metres (109 yds) at a reindeer target. In the kill zone of the reindeer there is a circle of 30 cm (12") in diameter that you'll have to place 5 out of 5 shots in. Small game hunting require no such test, but you must make sure that the charge is according to the energy requirements.

    My first experiences with black powder hunting goes back to the time when I was about 16-17 years old. The only muzzleloader I had back then was an English 20 gauge (.62 cal.) smoothbore. It was probably made around 1850, and had definitely seen it's best days. I have retired that gun now. I had to make the bullet mould and bullets myself, far from perfect, but they worked.

    My first attempt was to harvest a seagull. After much effort I managed to drop one at about 25 yards. After inspecting the unlucky bird I found out that if I was to harvest food with a muzzleloader I had to begin to use shot or reduce the calibre a little. The exit wound was enormous!

    Hunting with a flintlock rifle

    Hunting with a flintlock rifle.

    During the years my arsenal got bigger. Shooting ravens with a .50 cal. Kentucky rifle loaded with roundball or shooting crows or ducks with a .75 calibre Brown Bess loaded wit shot are still some of my favorites. The most exciting for me is hunting fox with a muzzleloader. You can't do anything more exciting than that! One of my most accurate muzzleloaders, a big 1861 Springfield rifled musket is frequently used at my fox hunts. A .58 cal. miniè bullet on a fox may seem like an overkill, but tit's only task is to kill the animal. I don't use the fur anyway. The RCBS/Hodgdon minié bullet is very accurate, and 1,5" groups at 100 yds. isn't a problem.

    For a quick follow up shot I carry with me some old military style paper cartridges. I have never needed to use one, but after some practice one should manage to load, cap and fire a second shot in 15-17 seconds.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more aboutblack powder hunting in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.