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18 May 1842

Det første kammerladningsgeværet ble approbert som Modell 1842. Geværet ble kun approbert som prøvevåpen, og ble etterfulgt av en forbedret versjon i 1846. Et uforandret modell 1842 kammerladningsgevær er i dag svært sjeldent og det kjennes... Read more ...

18 May 1842

Kammerladningsgeværet ble approbert
Det første kammerladningsgeværet ble approbert som Modell 1842. Geværet ble kun approbert som prøvevåpen, og ble etterfulgt av en forbedret versjon i 1846. Et uforandret modell 1842 kammerladningsgevær er i dag svært sjeldent og det kjennes kun få eksemplarer. 400 stk. ble produsert ved Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk, mens de resterende 100 ble produsert i Liège i Belgia.

Modell 1842 markerte begynnelsen på det norske kammerladningseventyret. Selv om det var flere som deltok i utviklingen, var det til slutt kaptein Fredrik Wilhelm Scheel og børsemaker Niels Gregersen som ble kreditert som oppfinnere. De hadde nok garantert kikket både til Danmark og USA under arbeidet, og både Halls amerikanske kammerlader og Löbnitz' danske konstruksjoner må ha vært inspirasjonskilder.

Omtrent alle de 500 geværene ble senere forbedret med endringer som ble approbert de påfølgende årene frem til 1859, og en uendret modell 1842 kammerlader er i dag svært sjelden.


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    Featured article

      Smoothbore Musket and Paper Cartridge

    • Smoothbore Musket and Paper Cartridge

      Today most shooters load their smoothbore muskets with patched roundballs. The soldiers that faced each other during, for example, the Napoleonic Wars loaded their muskets with paper cartridges. The cartridges contained both powder and ball. Read more about hpw you can load a smoothbore musket with roundballs in this article.

    Testing Black Powder Hunting Bullets

    Category: Hunting
    Published: 24 November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Edited: 25 November 2007.
    Views: 18812
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    If you're planning on taking your black powder weapon out hunting it can be an sensible to find out how the bullets reacts when they hit the animal, especially for big game hunters. I Norway, roe-deer is the most common animal to hunt with a black powder weapon due to the energy requirements.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more about black powder hunting in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    Shooting bullets into a stack of wet phone books is the poor man's way to test hunting bullets for penetration and expansibility. A while back I tested a .58 cal. 1861 repro Springfield muzzleloading rifle musket, a 12 mm (.48 cal.) original military issue Remington rolling block rifle, two .50 cal. muzzleloaders and a modern .308 Win. hunting rifle with various loads shot into wet phone books. The phone books had been soaked in water overnight in water and were stacked without space between the books. The loads were shot at a distance of 10 yards. As you can see from the table, the 12 mm Remington rolling block achieved the best penetration of all, including the smokeless .308 loads. The 1861 Springfield had the second best penetration. The results can be viewed in the table below:

    Calibre Weapon Bullet Load Penetration
    .58 1861 Springfield RCBS 58-500 Minié 63 grs. 2 Fg 46 cm
    .58 1861 Springfield RCBS 58-500 Minié 63 grs. 2 Fg 29 cm*
    .58 1861 Springfield RCBS 58-500 Minié 65 grs. 3 Fg 39 cm
    .58 1861 Springfield Hornady GP 65 grs. 1 Fg 26 cm
    12 mm Remington RB M-1867 Jämt 58 grs. 2 Fg 58,5 cm
    12 mm Remington RB M-1867 Jämt 58 grs. 2 Fg 32,5 cm*
    .50 Kentucky .490 roundball 66 grs. 2 Fg 40 cm
    .50 Tennessee .490 rundkule 87 grs. 2 Fg 26 cm
    .308 Win. Moderne rifle Sierra 150 grs. SPBT 43,6 grs. Vihtavuori N-140 29 cm
    .308 Win. Moderne rifle Sierra 168 grs. HPBT 42 grs. Vihtavuori N-140 45 cm

    * = A 4 mm hollow point was manually made on the bullet nose.

    Kuletest

    The .58 cal. bullets. From left to right: Two unfired bullets, one bulle fired with 63 grs. 2 Fg Wano black powder, while the last was shot with the same load but with a hollow point bullet.

    Kuletest

    .58 cal. Hornady Great Plains swaged hollow point bullets before and after firing with 65 grs. 1 Fg.

    Kuletest

    M-1867 Jämt-bullet fired from an original Husqvarna M/1867 12 mm Remington rolling block. The load is the same, but the bullet on the far right had a hollow point.

    Kuletest

    .490" roundballs shot from .50 cal. muzzleloaders. The ball in the middle was shot from an Armi Sport Kentucky loaded with 66 grs. 2 Fg, while the ball to the right was shot from the custom made southern Mountain rifle "Death Wind" with 87 grs. 2 Fg.

    Kuletest

    Two .30 cal. bullets from Sierra fired from a .308 Win. hunting rifle from Remington. The one on the left is a 150 grs. Spitzer Boat Tail GameKing bullet, and the one on the right is a 168 grains Hollow point Boat Tail MatchKing. Both had core/jacket separation.