Slaget ved Jena-Auerstedt var egentlig to parallelle feltslag utkjempet på platået vest for Saale-elva i dagens Tyskland, mellom styrkene til keiser Napoléon I av Frankrike og Fredrik Vilhelm III av Preussen. Napoléon med den franske... Read more ...
Preussen tapte ved Jena-Auerstedt
Slaget ved Jena-Auerstedt var egentlig to parallelle feltslag utkjempet på platået vest for Saale-elva i dagens Tyskland, mellom styrkene til keiser Napoléon I av Frankrike og Fredrik Vilhelm III av Preussen. Napoléon med den franske hovedstyrken tilintetgjorde en prøyssisk armé ved Jena. I det parallelle slaget ved Auerstedt atten kilometer unna, beseiret marskalk Louis Nicolas Davout den prøyssiske hovedstyrken, enda Davouts hær var mindre enn prøyssernes. Til sammen deltok over 200 000 soldater i dette dobbeltslaget, som bare varte i noen timer.
Dette avgjørende prøyssiske nederlaget fant sted bare nitten dager etter landets mobilisering, og førte til at Preussen ble utestengt fra den anti-franske koalisjonen fram til frigjøringskrigen i 1813.
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This article deals with the Norwegian and Swedish Remington rolling block rifle. The Remington rolling block is an American design, but was adopted by the two Scandinavian armies in 1867. The calibre was 12 mm Remington, also known as 12,17x44, 12,17x42, 12,7x44, 12,7x42 or 4\'\'\'. Read this article to find out more about the history and the practical use.
Published: 24 November 2007 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 25 November 2007.
If you're planning on taking your black powder weapon out hunting it can be an sensible to find out how the bullets reacts when they hit the animal, especially for big game hunters. I Norway, roe-deer is the most common animal to hunt with a black powder weapon due to the energy requirements.
Find out more!
You can learn more about black powder hunting in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
Shooting bullets into a stack of wet phone books is the poor man's way to test hunting bullets for penetration and expansibility. A while back I tested a .58 cal. 1861 repro Springfield muzzleloading rifle musket, a 12 mm (.48 cal.) original military issue Remington rolling block rifle, two .50 cal. muzzleloaders and a modern .308 Win. hunting rifle with various loads shot into wet phone books. The phone books had been soaked in water overnight in water and were stacked without space between the books. The loads were shot at a distance of 10 yards. As you can see from the table, the 12 mm Remington rolling block achieved the best penetration of all, including the smokeless .308 loads. The 1861 Springfield had the second best penetration. The results can be viewed in the table below:
|.58||1861 Springfield||RCBS 58-500 Minié||63 grs. 2 Fg||46 cm|
|.58||1861 Springfield||RCBS 58-500 Minié||63 grs. 2 Fg||29 cm*|
|.58||1861 Springfield||RCBS 58-500 Minié||65 grs. 3 Fg||39 cm|
|.58||1861 Springfield||Hornady GP||65 grs. 1 Fg||26 cm|
|12 mm||Remington RB||M-1867 Jämt||58 grs. 2 Fg||58,5 cm|
|12 mm||Remington RB||M-1867 Jämt||58 grs. 2 Fg||32,5 cm*|
|.50||Kentucky||.490 roundball||66 grs. 2 Fg||40 cm|
|.50||Tennessee||.490 rundkule||87 grs. 2 Fg||26 cm|
|.308 Win.||Moderne rifle||Sierra 150 grs. SPBT||43,6 grs. Vihtavuori N-140||29 cm|
|.308 Win.||Moderne rifle||Sierra 168 grs. HPBT||42 grs. Vihtavuori N-140||45 cm|
* = A 4 mm hollow point was manually made on the bullet nose.
The .58 cal. bullets. From left to right: Two unfired bullets, one bulle fired with 63 grs. 2 Fg Wano black powder, while the last was shot with the same load but with a hollow point bullet.
.58 cal. Hornady Great Plains swaged hollow point bullets before and after firing with 65 grs. 1 Fg.
M-1867 Jämt-bullet fired from an original Husqvarna M/1867 12 mm Remington rolling block. The load is the same, but the bullet on the far right had a hollow point.
.490" roundballs shot from .50 cal. muzzleloaders. The ball in the middle was shot from an Armi Sport Kentucky loaded with 66 grs. 2 Fg, while the ball to the right was shot from the custom made southern Mountain rifle "Death Wind" with 87 grs. 2 Fg.
Two .30 cal. bullets from Sierra fired from a .308 Win. hunting rifle from Remington. The one on the left is a 150 grs. Spitzer Boat Tail GameKing bullet, and the one on the right is a 168 grains Hollow point Boat Tail MatchKing. Both had core/jacket separation.