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24 August 455

Vandalene plyndret Roma. Plyndringen i år 455 var den andre av tre plyndringer av byen. Før de gikk inn i byen ødela vandalene Romas akvedukter, og dermed vannforsyningen til innbyggerne. Pave Leo 1. krevde at vandalene ikke skulle ødelegge... Read more ...

24 August 455

Vandalene plyndret Roma
Vandalene plyndret Roma. Plyndringen i år 455 var den andre av tre plyndringer av byen. Før de gikk inn i byen ødela vandalene Romas akvedukter, og dermed vannforsyningen til innbyggerne. Pave Leo 1. krevde at vandalene ikke skulle ødelegge gamlebyen eller myrde innbyggerne, og vandalenes leder Genseric holdt dette løftet. Portene ble dermed åpnet for Genseric og hans menn.

Vandalene tok seg god tid, og i motsetning til visigoterne som plyndret Roma i tre dager i år 410, så brukte vandalene to uker på jobben. De ødela mange kulturskatter under plyndringen og ble dermed opphav til det moderne uttrykket «vandalisme».

Vandalene var et germansk folkeslag, som utgjorde en betydelig del av trusselen mot Romerriket i den såkalte folkevandringstiden. Vandalene vandret gjennom Gallia og Hispania før de dannet et betydelig kongedømme i Nord-Afrika med hovedstad i dagens Algerie. Herfra dominerte de øyene i det vestlige Middelhavet. I 534 overga den siste vandalkongen seg til romerne, og etter dette hadde vandalene lite betydning i historien.


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      Making Bismuth Shot

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      Since the article about the Shotmaker was written the Norwegian lead shot ban has come into effect. As a result, Norwegian hunters have to use a substitute such as steel, tungsten matrix or bismuth to hunt legally. As bismuth is one of the few materials that isn’t harmful for older shotguns many prefer this substitute. This article describes the making of homemade lead shot.

    Sharpening Dull Flints

    Category: Muzzle-loading
    Published: 18 September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 13120

    Sharpening a flint.

    The illustration shows
    how to sharpen a flint.

    Flints that have become dull and doesn’t produce sparks does not have to be thrown away. Here is a simple way to sharpen a dull flint. There are several methods of sharpening flints. You really don't have to use any special tools, but the first method I will describe requires that you modify a steel nail: Cut off the tip, and file a notch in the end of the nail, about 1 cm in length across half the nail. The tool is now ready. To sharpen a flint, place the nail against the edge of the flint in about a 30 degree angle (see the picture). The notch should be 90 degrees. Lightly tap the nail's head with a small hammer or similar. A small flake of the flint falls off and the 'wound' where the piece fell off will be sharp. Repeat this operation along the entire edge of the flint and it will be restored to normal again. Make sure that you use safety glasses because the flying pieces of flints are razor sharp.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more on how to make the most of your flintlock in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    A more simple method is to use a small brass hammer or the spine of a knife to sharpen the flint. This is my preferred method for sharpening flints. Tap the knife spine lightly on the top of the flint edge when the flint is secured in the jaws of the cock. Flakes will fall off and sharpen the flint.

    Flints cannot be sharpened forever, and you eventually will have to replace it, but sharpening it by using the methods described above increases the service life of your flints.