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20 January 1567

Portugiserne slår franskmennene i slaget ved Rio de Janeiro. Kampene var konsentrert rundt fortet Uruçú-mirim. Den portugisiske kommandanten Estácio de Sá ble truffet av en pil i øyet under slaget, og døde en måned senere. Bakgrunnen var... Read more ...

20 January 1567

Slaget ved Rio de Janeiro
Portugiserne slår franskmennene i slaget ved Rio de Janeiro. Kampene var konsentrert rundt fortet Uruçú-mirim. Den portugisiske kommandanten Estácio de Sá ble truffet av en pil i øyet under slaget, og døde en måned senere.

Bakgrunnen var at 500 franske kolonister under ledelse av den franske admiralen Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon okkuperte en av øyene i Guanabarabukten i 1555, som nå heter Villegagnonøya. Han fikk der bygget Fort Coligny som et ledd i opprettelsen av den franske kolonien France Antarctique.

Selve byen Rio de Janeiro ble grunnlagt av portugiserne 1. mars 1565. Byen ble grunnlagt som en base for å forberede en invasjon av den franske bosetningen, noe som ble gjort i 1567. Inntil tidlig i det 18. århundre ble byen truet eller invadert av flere, for det meste franskmenn, pirater og sjørøvere.


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    Featured article

      The Norwegian Kammerlader

    • The Norwegian Kammerlader

      In the mid 1850s the Norwegian Army and Navy was armed with a very modern rifle that few contemporary armies could match. In Norway this weapon was called the \"kammerlader\" og \"chamber-loader\". In this article you can read more about the history of the kammerlader and its practical use.

    Sharpening Dull Flints

    Category: Muzzle-loading
    Published: 18 September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
    Views: 13692
    Les artikkel på norsk

    Sharpening a flint.

    The illustration shows
    how to sharpen a flint.

    Flints that have become dull and doesn’t produce sparks does not have to be thrown away. Here is a simple way to sharpen a dull flint. There are several methods of sharpening flints. You really don't have to use any special tools, but the first method I will describe requires that you modify a steel nail: Cut off the tip, and file a notch in the end of the nail, about 1 cm in length across half the nail. The tool is now ready. To sharpen a flint, place the nail against the edge of the flint in about a 30 degree angle (see the picture). The notch should be 90 degrees. Lightly tap the nail's head with a small hammer or similar. A small flake of the flint falls off and the 'wound' where the piece fell off will be sharp. Repeat this operation along the entire edge of the flint and it will be restored to normal again. Make sure that you use safety glasses because the flying pieces of flints are razor sharp.

    Find out more!
    You can learn more on how to make the most of your flintlock in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.

    A more simple method is to use a small brass hammer or the spine of a knife to sharpen the flint. This is my preferred method for sharpening flints. Tap the knife spine lightly on the top of the flint edge when the flint is secured in the jaws of the cock. Flakes will fall off and sharpen the flint.

    Flints cannot be sharpened forever, and you eventually will have to replace it, but sharpening it by using the methods described above increases the service life of your flints.