Slaget ved Jena-Auerstedt var egentlig to parallelle feltslag utkjempet på platået vest for Saale-elva i dagens Tyskland, mellom styrkene til keiser Napoléon I av Frankrike og Fredrik Vilhelm III av Preussen. Napoléon med den franske... Read more ...
Preussen tapte ved Jena-Auerstedt
Slaget ved Jena-Auerstedt var egentlig to parallelle feltslag utkjempet på platået vest for Saale-elva i dagens Tyskland, mellom styrkene til keiser Napoléon I av Frankrike og Fredrik Vilhelm III av Preussen. Napoléon med den franske hovedstyrken tilintetgjorde en prøyssisk armé ved Jena. I det parallelle slaget ved Auerstedt atten kilometer unna, beseiret marskalk Louis Nicolas Davout den prøyssiske hovedstyrken, enda Davouts hær var mindre enn prøyssernes. Til sammen deltok over 200 000 soldater i dette dobbeltslaget, som bare varte i noen timer.
Dette avgjørende prøyssiske nederlaget fant sted bare nitten dager etter landets mobilisering, og førte til at Preussen ble utestengt fra den anti-franske koalisjonen fram til frigjøringskrigen i 1813.
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The P-1856 Army Short Rifle was the first short rifle in the new .577 calibre family of muskets made by the Enfield factory in England for the British Army. The P-1856, also called "Sergeant's Rifle", was issued to all sergeants of Line Regiments, the Rifle Brigade and the 60th Regiment, the Cape Mounted Rifles and the Royal Canadian Rifles.
Published: 23 September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
The flint and percussion locks are the most commonly used ignition systems used in today's black powder firearms. Other systems, such as matchlock, snaphaunce and wheellock are also used, but in more limited quantities. In addition, many shooters enjoy shooting black powder cartridges from breech-loading rifles and revolvers.
12 bore matchlock musket from the 1600s.
The musket is located at the
The Norwegian Armed Forces Museum.
It is obvious that the matchlock system was rather cumbersome. As the shooter had to light the match in advance the matchlock was unpractical both for hunting and on the battlefield. The match often went out which rendered it unusable as a cavalry weapon.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the history and practical use of black powder firearms – from the Middle Ages to the Boer War – in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The wheellock had many parts, and thus it was expensive to manufacture. In addition the various parts had a tendency to break. Still, the wheellock was the first practical cavalry weapon and it was often used on pistols.
The flintlock had as its name implies a flintlock fastened between the jaws of the cock. Over the priming pan it was mounted a steel, called frizzen. The frizzen also served as a lid for the powder in the priming pan. When the flint hit the steel a shower of sparks were created which ignited the priming powdre and main charge. The flintlock was in common use until about 1840.
The percussion lock
The self-containing cartridge
The self-containing cartridge consists of four main components: case, primer, powder and bullet. The earliest self-containing cartridges had paper casings, and such cartridges were used in, for example, Prussian Dreyse needle-guns and French Chassepot rifles. Later it became common with copper and brass cases. This ammunition is relatively similar to the rifle and handgun ammunition which is used today.
A lot of different weapon systems used the metallic cartridge in the black powder era, for example: Remington rolling block, Sharps, Martini-Henry, Jarmann, Winchester lever action and different handguns and revolvers.