Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunnen, noe som førte til at det brøt ut gatekamper mellom innbyggerne og hæren. Da den såkalte «blodige uken» gikk mot slutten var 20 000 innbyggere drept og 38 000 arrestert. Pariskommunen var et... Read more ...
Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunen
Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunnen, noe som førte til at det brøt ut gatekamper mellom innbyggerne og hæren. Da den såkalte «blodige uken» gikk mot slutten var 20 000 innbyggere drept og 38 000 arrestert.
Pariskommunen var et revolusjonært folkestyre som ble opprettet i Paris i protest mot den nasjonale regjering ved slutten av Den fransk-prøyssiske krig. Kommunen ble opprettet 18. mars og eksisterte i 72 dager frem til 28. mai 1871. Man hadde hatt noe tilsvarende også i 1792. Pariskommunen av 1871 bygget blant annet på anarkistiske og marxistiske ideer. Det var dessuten her begrepet nasjonalisme oppsto.
Etter den «blodige uken» var Pariskommunens to måneder lange levetid over, og Frankrike gikk for alvor inn i epoken kjent som «den tredje franske republikk», som skulle vare helt til den tyske invasjon under den annen verdenskrig, 10. juli 1940.
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A precondition for good accuracy with minié bullets are properly dimensioned bullets that fit the barrel. Many .58 calibre bullet moulds have a .575\" diameter, while the bore diameter of many muskets is .580 or more. This article shows you how to enlarge a bullet mould cavity.
Published: 23. September 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
The flint and percussion locks are the most commonly used ignition systems used in today's black powder firearms. Other systems, such as matchlock, snaphaunce and wheellock are also used, but in more limited quantities. In addition, many shooters enjoy shooting black powder cartridges from breech-loading rifles and revolvers.
12 bore matchlock musket from the 1600s.
The musket is located at the
The Norwegian Armed Forces Museum.
It is obvious that the matchlock system was rather cumbersome. As the shooter had to light the match in advance the matchlock was unpractical both for hunting and on the battlefield. The match often went out which rendered it unusable as a cavalry weapon.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the history and practical use of black powder firearms – from the Middle Ages to the Boer War – in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The wheellock had many parts, and thus it was expensive to manufacture. In addition the various parts had a tendency to break. Still, the wheellock was the first practical cavalry weapon and it was often used on pistols.
The flintlock had as its name implies a flintlock fastened between the jaws of the cock. Over the priming pan it was mounted a steel, called frizzen. The frizzen also served as a lid for the powder in the priming pan. When the flint hit the steel a shower of sparks were created which ignited the priming powdre and main charge. The flintlock was in common use until about 1840.
The percussion lock
The self-containing cartridge
The self-containing cartridge consists of four main components: case, primer, powder and bullet. The earliest self-containing cartridges had paper casings, and such cartridges were used in, for example, Prussian Dreyse needle-guns and French Chassepot rifles. Later it became common with copper and brass cases. This ammunition is relatively similar to the rifle and handgun ammunition which is used today.
A lot of different weapon systems used the metallic cartridge in the black powder era, for example: Remington rolling block, Sharps, Martini-Henry, Jarmann, Winchester lever action and different handguns and revolvers.