Slaget ved Antietam ble utkjempet den 17. september 1862 under den amerikanske borgerkrigen. Øverstkommanderende hos nordstatene var George B. McClellan, mens Robert E. Lee var øverstkommanderende hos sørstatene. Antietam var det blodigste... Read more ...
Slaget ved Antietam
Slaget ved Antietam ble utkjempet den 17. september 1862 under den amerikanske borgerkrigen. Øverstkommanderende hos nordstatene var George B. McClellan, mens Robert E. Lee var øverstkommanderende hos sørstatene. Antietam var det blodigste endagsslaget i amerikansk historie, med 22 717 døde, sårede og savnede. 3 654 døde ble begravet, 1 761 ble meldt savnet.
Slaget ble utkjempet ved Sharpsburg og Antietam-bekken, vest i delstaten Maryland. Selv om McClellan hadde rikelig med reservestyrker, maktet han ikke å ødelegge Lees hær. McClellan hadde stanset Lees invasjon av delstaten Maryland, men Lee greide å trekke sine styrker tilbake til Virginia uten forstyrrelser fra den forsiktige McClellan. Slaget endte uavgjort, men konføderasjonsstyrkene seg først tilbake fra slagmarken. Dette gjorde slaget, i militær terminologi, til en unionsseier. Seieren hadde betydning nok til å gi president Abraham Lincoln selvtillit til å kunngjøre sin frigjøringserklæring. Dette førte igjen til at den britiske og franske regjeringen gikk vekk fra sine planer om anerkjennelse av Konføderasjonen.
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The smooth-bore flintlock musket was the general-issue infantry firearm during the Napoleonic Wars. Today, there are many different ways to shoot smooth-bore muskets. This article takes a look at some of them, and gives some advice on shooting the flintlock musket with patched roundball.
Published: 7 September 2014 by Øyvind Flatnes.
The video shows the three different methods for compressing black powder, as well as how you can make a drop tube stand.
A drop tube is used for compressing black powder loads.
The drawing shows how a stand can be made.
The difference between a compressed (right) and not compressed charge.
Alternatively you can make one of these stands.
To make a drop tube stand you need a couple of wood boards and two eye screws, in addition to a saw, a hand drill and files. The eyes of the screw must be large enough to accept the drop tube.
As seen from the drawing, one of the boards is made into a drop tube holder, while the other serves as a base. You can of course glue or otherwise fix the two parts together, but you save storage space by dismantling the stand after use. The two parts are fitted together through a rectangular opening in the bas the matches the drop tube holder.
The drop tube holder is approximately 13in high. A bevel edge allows you to remove cases without bumping into the stand and also makes room for a loading block. Make the bottom end rectangular. This piece will later be fitted into the base. The height of the shape is identical to the height of the base.
Screw the eye screws into the front of the drop tube holder; one at the top and one just before the bevel. To prevent the wood from cracking, pre-drill holes before mounting the screws.
The base is simply a rectangular shaped piece of wood. Make sure it is perfectly level. Draw the outline of the drop tube holder's base. To make the rectangular opening, use a drill and mill out as much wood as you can before finishing the shape with a file.
The drop tube stand is now practically done. Find a drop tube and insert it through the eye screws.
To adjust the height of the tube, thread an O-ring on the tube and rest it against the uppermost eye screw. A rubber band or similar does the job as well.
I use a loading tube from Pedersoli that I use for loading muzzle-loading rifles. Similar tubes can be made from copper, aluminum, brass or similar. To avoid powder spillage the tube should have a funnel at the top.
Download illustrated instructions here. The measurements are not critical, but make sure the stand is stable.
But does this method work? Yes, it does! Take a look at the picture to the right that shows two identical 70 grain loads of Swiss #4. The load to the left is weighed and poured directly from the weight into the vial, while the load to the left is weighed and dropped through and 28in (63.5 cm) drop tube. The difference is approximately 0.5mm/.020 in. The vial is .40in/10.16mm in diameter.