Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunnen, noe som førte til at det brøt ut gatekamper mellom innbyggerne og hæren. Da den såkalte «blodige uken» gikk mot slutten var 20 000 innbyggere drept og 38 000 arrestert. Pariskommunen var et... Read more ...
Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunen
Franske tropper invaderte Pariskommunnen, noe som førte til at det brøt ut gatekamper mellom innbyggerne og hæren. Da den såkalte «blodige uken» gikk mot slutten var 20 000 innbyggere drept og 38 000 arrestert.
Pariskommunen var et revolusjonært folkestyre som ble opprettet i Paris i protest mot den nasjonale regjering ved slutten av Den fransk-prøyssiske krig. Kommunen ble opprettet 18. mars og eksisterte i 72 dager frem til 28. mai 1871. Man hadde hatt noe tilsvarende også i 1792. Pariskommunen av 1871 bygget blant annet på anarkistiske og marxistiske ideer. Det var dessuten her begrepet nasjonalisme oppsto.
Etter den «blodige uken» var Pariskommunens to måneder lange levetid over, og Frankrike gikk for alvor inn i epoken kjent som «den tredje franske republikk», som skulle vare helt til den tyske invasjon under den annen verdenskrig, 10. juli 1940.
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A special year for Norway, 2014 both marks the bicentenary of the Norwegian constitution and – perhaps slightly less celebrated – the beginning of the union with Sweden. This article presents the military black powder small-arms that were used in the 91 year long Norwegian-Swedish union 1814–1905.
Published: 15. October 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 15. November 2008.
Many Norwegian black powder shooters have an old kammerlader lying around. If it is in good condition you can shoot it, but it may prove difficult to obtain proper bullets.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the Norwegian kammerlader rifles and their ammunition in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The original conical bullets
Conical bullet and cartridge used
by sharpshooters from 1849-1855.
You can ask yourself why a bullet that was supposed to be paper patched had grooves, unlike, for example, the smooth sided British paper patched Pritchett bullet that was used in the .577 Enfield muskets. The idea behind the grooves was not that they should be used as lubrication grooves, or grooves for scraping out powder fouling. A woollen thread was used to secure the patching paper to the bullet, but the thread was not tied in the grooves. Instead the thread was tied once in front of the nose and then behind the bullet. A lubricated thread in the grooves would probably have provided better lubrication than just the lubricated paper, but that's easy for us to say that can lean on 150 years of experience with the kammerlader. The explanation is probably that the grooves, or 'air grooves' as they were called, were supposed to move the weight of the bullet forward. By removing a lead by making the grooves it was tried to stabilise the bullet more in addition to the rotation stabilisation.
To the left: Copy of the sharpshooter bullet from 1849, and to the right
an original bullet of the type that was used from 1855.
The kammerlader bullets todayhttp://www.vapenmek.no/produkter/stopetang.htm or call +47 75 51 83 22.
I copied an original Model 1855 bullet and sent drawings to both Lee Presicion and NEI Handtools which both made moulds for me. The Lee moulds are of course made of aluminum, while the NEI moulds are manufactured in meehanite, which NEI describe as 'a very dense, free machining cast iron alloy'. I have had good results with these bullets, and there are about 50 of these moulds in circulation among Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch and American kammerlader shooters.