Portugiserne slår franskmennene i slaget ved Rio de Janeiro. Kampene var konsentrert rundt fortet Uruçú-mirim. Den portugisiske kommandanten Estácio de Sá ble truffet av en pil i øyet under slaget, og døde en måned senere. Bakgrunnen var... Read more ...
Slaget ved Rio de Janeiro
Portugiserne slår franskmennene i slaget ved Rio de Janeiro. Kampene var konsentrert rundt fortet Uruçú-mirim. Den portugisiske kommandanten Estácio de Sá ble truffet av en pil i øyet under slaget, og døde en måned senere.
Bakgrunnen var at 500 franske kolonister under ledelse av den franske admiralen Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon okkuperte en av øyene i Guanabarabukten i 1555, som nå heter Villegagnonøya. Han fikk der bygget Fort Coligny som et ledd i opprettelsen av den franske kolonien France Antarctique.
Selve byen Rio de Janeiro ble grunnlagt av portugiserne 1. mars 1565. Byen ble grunnlagt som en base for å forberede en invasjon av den franske bosetningen, noe som ble gjort i 1567. Inntil tidlig i det 18. århundre ble byen truet eller invadert av flere, for det meste franskmenn, pirater og sjørøvere.
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What is black powder shooting? What is black powder used for? Is it something for me? This article is meant as an introduction to the sport of black powder shooting, and it is also recommended as an introductory text to the svartkrutt.net web site. \"Svartkrutt\" means “black powder” in Norwegian.
Published: 15 October 2008 by Øyvind Flatnes.
Edited: 15 November 2008.
Many Norwegian black powder shooters have an old kammerlader lying around. If it is in good condition you can shoot it, but it may prove difficult to obtain proper bullets.
Find out more!
You can learn more about the Norwegian kammerlader rifles and their ammunition in the brand new book From Musket to Metallic Cartridge: A Practical History of Black Powder Firearms.
The original conical bullets
Conical bullet and cartridge used
by sharpshooters from 1849-1855.
You can ask yourself why a bullet that was supposed to be paper patched had grooves, unlike, for example, the smooth sided British paper patched Pritchett bullet that was used in the .577 Enfield muskets. The idea behind the grooves was not that they should be used as lubrication grooves, or grooves for scraping out powder fouling. A woollen thread was used to secure the patching paper to the bullet, but the thread was not tied in the grooves. Instead the thread was tied once in front of the nose and then behind the bullet. A lubricated thread in the grooves would probably have provided better lubrication than just the lubricated paper, but that's easy for us to say that can lean on 150 years of experience with the kammerlader. The explanation is probably that the grooves, or 'air grooves' as they were called, were supposed to move the weight of the bullet forward. By removing a lead by making the grooves it was tried to stabilise the bullet more in addition to the rotation stabilisation.
To the left: Copy of the sharpshooter bullet from 1849, and to the right
an original bullet of the type that was used from 1855.
The kammerlader bullets todayhttp://www.vapenmek.no/produkter/stopetang.htm or call +47 75 51 83 22.
I copied an original Model 1855 bullet and sent drawings to both Lee Presicion and NEI Handtools which both made moulds for me. The Lee moulds are of course made of aluminum, while the NEI moulds are manufactured in meehanite, which NEI describe as 'a very dense, free machining cast iron alloy'. I have had good results with these bullets, and there are about 50 of these moulds in circulation among Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch and American kammerlader shooters.